# HomeKit Add-on

This is an add-on that exposes your openHAB system as a bridge over the HomeKit protocol.

Using this add-on, you will be able to control your openHAB system using Apple's Siri, or any of a number of HomeKit enabled iOS apps. In order to do so, you will need to make some configuration changes. HomeKit organizes your home into "accessories" that are made up of a number of "characteristics". Some accessory types require a specific set of characteristics.

HomeKit integration supports following accessory types:

  • Switchable
  • Outlet
  • Lighting (simple, dimmable, color)
  • Fan
  • Thermostat
  • Heater / Cooler
  • Lock
  • Security System
  • Garage Door Opener
  • Motorized Door
  • Motorized Window
  • Window Covering/Blinds
  • Valve
  • Air Quality Sensor
  • Contact Sensor
  • Leak Sensor
  • Motion Sensor
  • Occupancy Sensor
  • Smoke Sensor
  • Temperature Sensor
  • Humidity Sensor
  • Light Sensor
  • Carbon Dioxide Sensor
  • Carbon Monoxide Sensor

Attention: Some tags have been renamed. Old style may not be supported in future versions. See below for details.

# Global Configuration

Your first step will be to create the homekit.cfg in your $OPENHAB_CONF/services folder. At the very least, you will need to define a pin number for the bridge. This will be used in iOS when pairing. The pin code is in the form "###-##-###". Requirements beyond this are not clear, and Apple enforces limitations on eligible pins within iOS. At the very least, you cannot use repeating (111-11-111) or sequential (123-45-678) pin codes. If your home network is secure, a good starting point is the pin code used in most sample applications: 031-45-154. Check for typos in the pin-code if you encounter "Bad Client Credential" errors during pairing.

Other settings, such as using Fahrenheit temperatures, customizing the thermostat heat/cool/auto modes, and specifying the interface to advertise the HomeKit bridge (which can be edited in Paper UI standard mode) are also illustrated in the following sample:

org.openhab.homekit:port=9124
org.openhab.homekit:pin=031-45-154
org.openhab.homekit:useFahrenheitTemperature=true
org.openhab.homekit:thermostatTargetModeCool=CoolOn
org.openhab.homekit:thermostatTargetModeHeat=HeatOn
org.openhab.homekit:thermostatTargetModeAuto=Auto
org.openhab.homekit:thermostatTargetModeOff=Off
org.openhab.homekit:networkInterface=192.168.0.6

The following additional settings can be added or edited in Paper UI after switching to expert mode:

org.openhab.homekit:name=openHAB
org.openhab.homekit:minimumTemperature=-100
org.openhab.homekit:maximumTemperature=100

# Overview of all settings

Setting Description Default value
networkInterface IP address or domain name under which the HomeKit bridge can be reached. If no value is configured, the add-on uses the first network adapter address. (none)
port Port under which the HomeKit bridge can be reached. 9123
pin Pin code used for pairing with iOS devices. Apparently, pin codes are provided by Apple and represent specific device types, so they cannot be chosen freely. The pin code 031-45-154 is used in sample applications and known to work. 031-45-154
startDelay HomeKit start delay in seconds in case the number of accessories is lower than last time. This helps to avoid resetting home app in case not all items have been initialised properly before HomeKit integration start. 30
useFahrenheitTemperature Set to true to use Fahrenheit degrees, or false to use Celsius degrees. false
thermostatTargetModeCool Word used for activating the cooling mode of the device (if applicable). CoolOn
thermostatTargetModeHeat Word used for activating the heating mode of the device (if applicable). HeatOn
thermostatTargetModeAuto Word used for activating the automatic mode of the device (if applicable). Auto
thermostatTargetModeOff Word used to set the thermostat mode of the device to off (if applicable). Off
minimumTemperature Lower bound of possible temperatures, used in the user interface of the iOS device to display the allowed temperature range. Note that this setting applies to all devices in HomeKit. -100
maximumTemperature Upper bound of possible temperatures, used in the user interface of the iOS device to display the allowed temperature range. Note that this setting applies to all devices in HomeKit. 100
name Name under which this HomeKit bridge is announced on the network. This is also the name displayed on the iOS device when searching for available bridges. openHAB

# Item Configuration

After setting the global configuration, you will need to tag your openHAB items for HomeKit with accessory type. For our purposes, you may consider HomeKit accessories to be of two types: simple and complex.

A simple accessory will be mapped to a single openHAB item, e.g. HomeKit lighting can represent an openHAB Switch, Dimmer, or Color item. A complex accessory will be made up of multiple openHAB items, e.g. HomeKit Thermostat can be composed of mode, and current & target temperature. Complex accessories require a tag on a Group Item indicating the accessory type, as well as tags on the items it composes.

A HomeKit accessory has mandatory and optional characteristics (listed below in the table). The mapping between openHAB items and HomeKit accessory and characteristics is done by means of tagging. You can tag openHAB items using:

e.g.

Switch leaksensor_tag       "Leak Sensor with Tag"  [ "LeakSensor" ]
Switch leaksensor_metadata  "Leak Sensor"           {homekit="LeakSensor"}

The HomeKit integration currently supports both options. You can mix both options in the same configuration file. If an openHAB item has both, tags and metadata, then HomeKit integration will use only metadata and ignore tags. In general, the tag way is considered legacy and may be removed in future releases.

You can link one openHAB item to one or more HomeKit accessory, e.g.

Switch occupancy_and_motion_sensor       "Occupancy and Motion Sensor Tag"  {homekit="OccupancySensor,MotionSensor"}

The tag can be:

  • full qualified: i.e. with accessory type and characteristic, e.g. "LeakSensor.LeakDetectedState"
  • shorthand version: with only either accessory type or characteristic, e.g. "LeakSensor", "LeakDetectedState".

if shorthand version has only accessory type, then HomeKit will automatically link all mandatory characteristics of this accessory type to the openHAB item. e.g. HomeKit window covering has 3 mandatory characteristics: CurrentPosition, TargetPosition, PositionState. Following are equal configuration:

Rollershutter 	window_covering 	"Window Rollershutter"  	{homekit="WindowCovering"}
Rollershutter 	window_covering 	"Window Rollershutter"  	{homekit="WindowCovering, WindowCovering.CurrentPosition, WindowCovering.TargetPosition, WindowCovering.PositionState"}

If the shorthand version has only a characteristic then it must be a part of a group which has a HomeKit accessory type. You can use openHAB group to define complex accessories. The group item must indicate the HomeKit accessory type, e.g. LeakSensor definition using tags

Group  gLegacy_leaksensor               "Legacy Leak sensor Group"                                      [ "LeakSensor" ]
Switch legacy_leaksensor                "Legacy Leak sensor"                    (gLegacy_Leaksensor)    [ "LeakDetectedState" ]
Switch legacy_leaksensor_battery        "Legacy Leak sensor battery status"     (gLegacy_Leaksensor)    [ "homekit:BatteryLowStatus" ]

using metadata

Group  gLeakSensor                      "Leak Sensor Group"                                              {homekit="LeakSensor"}
Switch leaksensor                       "Leak Sensor"                           (gLeakSensor)            {homekit="LeakSensor.LeakDetectedState"}
Switch leaksensor_battery               "Leak Sensor Battery"                   (gLeakSensor)            {homekit="LeakSensor.BatteryLowStatus"}

You can use openHAB group to manage state of multiple items. (see Group items) In this case, you can assign HomeKit accessory type to the group and to the group items Following example defines 3 HomeKit accessories of type Lighting:

  • "Light 1" and "Light 2" as independent lights
  • "Light Group" that controls "Light 1" and "Light 2" as group
Group:Switch:OR(ON,OFF) gLight "Light Group" {homekit="Lighting"}
Switch light1 "Light 1" (gLight) {homekit="Lighting.OnState"}
Switch light2 "Light 2" (gLight) {homekit="Lighting.OnState"}

# Supported accessory type

Accessory Tag Mandatory Characteristics Optional Characteristics Supported OH items Description
AirQualitySensor Air Quality Sensor which can measure different parameters
AirQuality String Air quality state, possible values (UNKNOWN,EXCELLENT,GOOD,FAIR,INFERIOR,POOR). Custom mapping can be defined at item level, e.g. [EXCELLENT="BEST", POOR="BAD"]
OzoneDensity Number Ozone density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
NitrogenDioxideDensity Number NO2 density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
SulphurDioxideDensity Number SO2 density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
PM25Density Number PM2.5 micrometer particulate density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
PM10Density Number PM10 micrometer particulate density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
VOCDensity Number VOC Density in micrograms/m3, max 1000
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
LeakSensor Leak Sensor
LeakDetectedState Switch, Contact Leak sensor state (ON=Leak Detected, OFF=no leak)
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
MotionSensor Motion Sensor
MotionDetectedState Switch, Contact Motion sensor state (ON=motion detected, OFF=no motion)
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
OccupancySensor Occupancy Sensor
OccupancyDetectedState Switch, Contact Occupancy sensor state (ON=occupied, OFF=not occupied)
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
ContactSensor Contact Sensor,An accessory with on/off state that can be viewed in HomeKit but not changed such as a contact sensor for a door or window
ContactSensorState Switch, Contact Contact sensor state (ON=open, OFF=closed)
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
SmokeSensor Smoke Sensor
SmokeDetectedState Switch, Contact Smoke sensor state (ON=smoke detected, OFF=no smoke)
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
LightSensor Light sensor
LightLevel Number Light level in lux
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
HumiditySensor Relative Humidity Sensor providing read-only values
RelativeHumidity Number Relative humidity in % between 0 and 100. additional configuration homekitMultiplicator = .
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
TemperatureSensor Temperature sensor
CurrentTemperature Number current temperature. supported configuration: minValue, maxValue, step.
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
CarbonDioxideSensor Carbon Dioxide Sensor
CarbonDioxideDetectedState Switch, Contact carbon dioxide sensor state (ON- abnormal level of carbon dioxide detected, OFF - level is normal)
CarbonDioxideLevel Number Carbon dioxide level in ppm, max 100000
CarbonDioxidePeakLevel Number highest detected level (ppm) of carbon dioxide detected by a sensor, max 100000
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
CarbonMonoxideSensor Carbon monoxide Sensor
CarbonMonoxideDetectedState Switch, Contact Carbon monoxide sensor state (ON- abnormal level of carbon monoxide detected, OFF - level is normal)
CarbonMonoxideLevel Number Carbon monoxide level in ppm, max 100
CarbonMonoxidePeakLevel Number highest detected level (ppm) of carbon monoxide detected by a sensor, max 100
Name String Name of the sensor
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Working status
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Fault status
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Tampered status
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Battery status
Door Motorized door. One Rollershutter item covers all mandatory characteristics. see examples below.
CurrentPosition Rollershutter Current position of motorized door
TargetPosition Rollershutter Target position of motorized door
PositionState Rollershutter Position state. Supported states: DECREASING, INCREASING, STOPPED. Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [DECREASING="Down", INCREASING="Up"]. If no state provided, "STOPPED" is used.
Name String Name of the motorized door
HoldPosition Switch Motorized door should stop at its current position. A value of ON must hold the state of the accessory. A value of OFF should be ignored.
ObstructionStatus Switch, Contact Current status of obstruction sensor. ON-obstruction detected, OFF - no obstruction
Window Motorized window. One Rollershutter item covers all mandatory characteristics. see examples below.
CurrentPosition Rollershutter Current position of motorized window
TargetPosition Rollershutter Target position of motorized window
PositionState Rollershutter Position state. Supported states: DECREASING, INCREASING, STOPPED. Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [DECREASING="Down", INCREASING="Up"]. If no state provided, "STOPPED" is used.
Name String Name of the motorized window
HoldPosition Switch Motorized door should stop at its current position. A value of ON must hold the state of the accessory. A value of OFF should be ignored.
ObstructionStatus Switch, Contact Current status of obstruction sensor. ON-obstruction detected, OFF - no obstruction
WindowCovering Window covering / blinds. One Rollershutter item covers all mandatory characteristics. see examples below.
CurrentPosition Rollershutter Current position of window covering
TargetPosition Rollershutter Target position of window covering
PositionState Rollershutter current only "STOPPED" is supported.
Name String Name of the windows covering
HoldPosition Switch Window covering should stop at its current position. A value of ON must hold the state of the accessory. A value of OFF should be ignored.
ObstructionStatus Switch, Contact Current status of obstruction sensor. ON-obstruction detected, OFF - no obstruction
CurrentHorizontalTiltAngle Number current angle of horizontal slats for accessories windows. values -90 to 90. A value of 0 indicates that the slats are rotated to a fully open position. A value of -90 indicates that the slats are rotated all the way in a direction where the user-facing edge is higher than the window-facing edge.
TargetHorizontalTiltAngle Number target angle of horizontal slats
CurrentVerticalTiltAngle Number current angle of vertical slats
TargetVerticalTiltAngle Number target angle of vertical slats
Switchable An accessory that can be turned off and on. While similar to a lightbulb, this will be presented differently in the Siri grammar and iOS apps
OnState Switch State of the switch - ON/OFF
Name String Name of the switch
Outlet An accessory that can be turned off and on. While similar to a lightbulb, this will be presented differently in the Siri grammar and iOS apps
OnState Switch State of the outlet - ON/OFF
InUseStatus Switch indicates whether current flowing through the outlet
Name String Name of the switch
Lighting A lightbulb, can have further optional parameters for brightness, hue, etc
OnState Switch State of the light - ON/OFF
Name String Name of the light
Hue Dimmer, Color Hue
Saturation Dimmer, Color Saturation in % (1-100)
Brightness Dimmer, Color Brightness in % (1-100). See "Usage of dimmer modes" for configuration details.
ColorTemperature Number Color temperature which is represented in reciprocal megaKelvin, values - 50 to 400. should not be used in combination with hue, saturation and brightness
Fan Fan
ActiveStatus Switch accessory current working status. A value of "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory is active and is functioning without any errors.
CurrentFanState Number current fan state. values: 0=INACTIVE, 1=IDLE, 2=BLOWING AIR
TargetFanState Number target fan state. values: 0=MANUAL, 1=AUTO
RotationDirection Number, Switch rotation direction. values: 0/OFF=CLOCKWISE, 1/ON=COUNTER CLOCKWISE
RotationSpeed Number, Dimmer fan rotation speed in % (1-100)
SwingMode Number, Switch swing mode. values: 0/OFF=SWING DISABLED, 1/ON=SWING ENABLED
LockControl Number, Switch status of physical control lock. values: 0/OFF=CONTROL LOCK DISABLED, 1/ON=CONTROL LOCK ENABLED
Thermostat A thermostat requires all mandatory characteristics defined below
CurrentTemperature Number current temperature. supported configuration: minValue, maxValue, step
TargetTemperature Number target temperature. supported configuration: minValue, maxValue, step
CurrentHeatingCoolingMode String Current heating cooling mode (OFF, AUTO, HEAT, COOL). for mapping see homekit settings above.
TargetHeatingCoolingMode String Target heating cooling mode (OFF, AUTO, HEAT, COOL). for mapping see homekit settings above.
Name String Name of the thermostat
CoolingThresholdTemperature Number maximum temperature that must be reached before cooling is turned on. min/max/step can configured at item level, e.g. minValue=10.5, maxValue=50, step=2]
HeatingThresholdTemperature Number minimum temperature that must be reached before heating is turned on. min/max/step can configured at item level, e.g. minValue=10.5, maxValue=50, step=2]
HeaterCooler Heater or/and cooler device
ActiveStatus Switch accessory current working status. A value of "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory is active and is functioning without any errors.
CurrentTemperature Number current temperature. supported configuration: minValue, maxValue, step
CurrentHeaterCoolerState String current heater/cooler mode (INACTIVE, IDLE, HEATING, COOLING). Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [HEATING="HEAT", COOLING="COOL"]
TargetHeaterCoolerState String target heater/cooler mode (AUTO, HEAT, COOL). Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [AUTO="AUTOMATIC"]
Name String Name of the heater/cooler
RotationSpeed Number fan rotation speed in % (1-100)
SwingMode Number, Switch swing mode. values: 0/OFF=SWING DISABLED, 1/ON=SWING ENABLED
LockControl Number, Switch status of physical control lock. values: 0/OFF=CONTROL LOCK DISABLED, 1/ON=CONTROL LOCK ENABLED
CoolingThresholdTemperature Number maximum temperature that must be reached before cooling is turned on. min/max/step can configured at item level, e.g. minValue=10.5, maxValue=50, step=2]
HeatingThresholdTemperature Number minimum temperature that must be reached before heating is turned on. min/max/step can configured at item level, e.g. minValue=10.5, maxValue=50, step=2]
Lock A Lock Mechanism
LockCurrentState Switch, Number current state of lock mechanism (1/ON=SECURED, 0/OFF=UNSECURED, 2=JAMMED, 3=UNKNOWN)
LockTargetState Switch target state of lock mechanism (ON=SECURED, OFF=UNSECURED)
Name String Name of the lock
Valve Valve. additional configuration: homekitValveType = ["Generic", "Irrigation", "Shower", "Faucet"]
ActiveStatus Switch accessory current working status. A value of "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory is active and is functioning without any errors.
InUseStatus Switch indicates whether fluid flowing through the valve. A value of "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that fluid is flowing.
Duration Number defines how long a valve should be set to ʼIn Useʼ in second. You can define the default duration via configuration homekitDefaultDuration =
RemainingDuration Number describes the remaining duration on the accessory. the remaining duration increases/decreases from the accessoryʼs usual countdown. i.e. changes from 90 to 80 in a second.
Name String Name of the lock
FaultStatus Switch, Contact accessory fault status. "ON"/"OPEN" value indicates that the accessory has experienced a fault that may be interfering with its intended functionality. A value of "OFF"/"CLOSED" indicates that there is no fault.
SecuritySystem Security system.
CurrentSecuritySystemState String Current state of the security system. STAY_ARM / AWAY_ARM / NIGHT_ARM / DISARMED / TRIGGERED. Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [AWAY_ARM="AWAY", NIGHT_ARM="NIGHT" ]
TargetSecuritySystemState String Requested state of the security system. STAY_ARM / AWAY_ARM / NIGHT_ARM / DISARM. While the requested state is not DISARM, and the current state is DISARMED, HomeKit will display "Arming...", for example during an exit delay. Mapping can be redefined at item level, e.g. [AWAY_ARM="AWAY", NIGHT_ARM="NIGHT" ]
Name String Name of the security system
FaultStatus Switch, Contact accessory fault status. "ON"/"OPEN" value indicates that the accessory has experienced a fault that may be interfering with its intended functionality. A value of "OFF"/"CLOSED" indicates that there is no fault.
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact accessory tampered status. A status of "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory has been tampered with. Value should return to "OFF"/"CLOSED" when the accessory has been reset to a non-tampered state.
GarageDoorOpener A garage door opener.
ObstructionStatus Switch Current status of obstruction sensor. ON-obstruction detected, OFF - no obstruction
CurrentDoorState String Current door state. Possible values: OPEN, OPENING, CLOSED, CLOSING, STOPPED
TargetDoorState Switch, String Target door state. ON/"OPEN" = open door, OFF/"CLOSED" = closed door
Name String Name of the garage door
LockCurrentState Switch current states of lock mechanism (OFF=SECURED, ON=UNSECURED)
LockTargetState Switch target states of lock mechanism (OFF=SECURED, ON=UNSECURED)

# Legacy tags

Following tags are still supported but could be removed in the future releases. Please consider replacing them with the new style.

Old (tag style) New (metadata style)
homekit:HeatingCoolingMode CurrentHeatingCoolingMode
homekit:TargetHeatingCoolingMode TargetHeatingCoolingMode
homekit:TargetTemperature TargetTemperature
homekit:BatteryLowStatus BatteryLowStatus
homekit:BatteryLevel mapping to BatteryLowStatus
CurrentHumidity RelativeHumidity
Blinds WindowCovering
DimmableLighting Lighting with characteristic Brightness
ColorfulLighting Lighting with characteristic Brightness and Hue

# Examples

See the sample below for example items:

# Using "tag"

Color           legacy_color_light_single         "Legacy Color Light Single"                                  [ "Lighting" ]
Color           legacy_color_light_dimmable       "Legacy Color Light Dimmable"                                [ "DimmableLighting" ]
Color           legacy_color_light_hue            "Legacy Color Light Hue"                                     [ "ColorfulLighting" ]

Rollershutter   legacy_window_covering            "Legacy Window Rollershutter"                                [ "WindowCovering" ]
Switch          legacy_switch_single              "Legacy Switch single"                                       [ "Switchable" ]
Switch          legacy_contactsensor_single       "Legacy Contact Sensor single"                               [ "ContactSensor" ]
Switch          legacy_leaksensor_single          "Legacy Leak Sensor single"                                  [ "LeakSensor" ]
Switch          legacy_leaksensor_single2         "Legacy Leak Sensor single 2"                                [ "LeakSensor", "LeakSensor.LeakDetectedState" ]
Switch          legacy_motionsensor_single        "Legacy Motion Sensor"                                       [ "MotionSensor" ]
Switch          legacy_occupancy_single           "Legacy Occupanncy Sensor"                                   [ "OccupancySensor" ]
Switch          legacy_smoke_single               "Legacy Smoke Sensor"                                        [ "SmokeSensor" ]
Number          legacy_humidity_single            "Legacy Humidity Sensor"                                     [ "CurrentHumidity" ]
Number          legacy_temperature_sensor		  "Temperature Sensor"		                                   ["TemperatureSensor"]

Switch          legacy_lock                       "Legacy Lock single"                                         [ "Lock" ]

Switch          legacy_valve_single               "Legacy Valve Single"                                        [ "Valve" ]

Group           gLegacy_Valve                     "Legacy Valve Group"                                         [ "Valve" ]
Switch          legacy_valve_active               "Legacy Valve active"                 (gLegacy_Valve)        [ "Active" ]
Number          legacy_valve_duration             "Legacy Valve duration"               (gLegacy_Valve)        [ "Duration" ]
Number          legacy_valve_remaining_duration   "Legacy Valve remaining duration"     (gLegacy_Valve)        [ "RemainingDuration" ]

Group           gLegacy_Thermo                    "Legacy Thermostat"                                          [ "Thermostat" ]
Number          legacy_thermostat_current_temp    "L Therm. Cur. Temp. [%.1f C]"        (gLegacy_Thermo)       [ "CurrentTemperature" ]
Number          legacy_thermostat_target_temp     "L Therm. Target Temp.[%.1f C]"       (gLegacy_Thermo)       [ "homekit:TargetTemperature" ]
String          legacy_thermostat_current_mode    "Legacy Thermostat Current Mode"      (gLegacy_Thermo)       [ "homekit:CurrentHeatingCoolingMode" ]
String          legacy_thermostat_target_mode     "Thermostat Target Mode"              (gLegacy_Thermo)       [ "homekit:TargetHeatingCoolingMode" ]

Group           gLegacy_Leaksensor                "Legacy Leak Sensor Group"                                   [ "LeakSensor" ]
Switch          legacy_leaksensor                 "Legacy Leak Sensor"                  (gLegacy_Leaksensor)   [ "LeakSensor" ]
Switch          legacy_leaksensor_bat             "Legacy Leak sensor battery status"   (gLegacy_Leaksensor)   [ "homekit:BatteryLowStatus" ]
Switch          legacy_leaksensor_fault           "Legacy Leak sensor fault"            (gLegacy_Leaksensor)   [ "FaultStatus" ]

Group           gLegacy_Security                  "Legacy Security System Group"                               [ "SecuritySystem" ]
String          legacy_SecurityCurrentState       "Security Current State"              (gLegacy_Security)     [ "CurrentSecuritySystemState" ]
String          legacy_SecurityTargetState        "Security Target State"               (gLegacy_Security)     [ "TargetSecuritySystemState" ]

# Using "metadata"

Color           color_light_single         "Color Light Single"                                      {homekit="Lighting"}
Color           color_light_dimmable       "Legacy Color Light Dimmable"                             {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Brightness"}
Color           color_light_hue            "Legacy Color Light Hue"                                  {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Hue, Lighting.Brightness, Lighting.Saturation"}

Rollershutter   window_covering            "Window Rollershutter"                                    {homekit="WindowCovering"}
Rollershutter   window_covering_long       "Window Rollershutter long"                               {homekit="WindowCovering, WindowCovering.CurrentPosition, WindowCovering.TargetPosition, WindowCovering.PositionState"}

Switch          leaksensor_single          "Leak Sensor single"                                      {homekit="LeakSensor"}
Switch          lock                       "Lock single"                                             {homekit="Lock"}
Switch          valve_single               "Valve single"                                            {homekit="Valve" [homekitValveType="Shower"]}

Number 			temperature_sensor 	        "Temperature Sensor [%.1f C]"  			                 {homekit="TemperatureSensor" [minValue=10.5, maxValue=27] }
Number          light_sensor 	            "Light Sensor"                                           {homekit="LightSensor"}

Group           gValve                     "Valve Group"                                             {homekit="Valve"  [homekitValveType="Irrigation"]}
Switch          valve_active               "Valve active"                       (gValve)             {homekit="Valve.ActiveStatus, Valve.InUseStatus"}
Number          valve_duration             "Valve duration"                     (gValve)             {homekit="Valve.Duration"}
Number          valve_remaining_duration   "Valve remaining duration"           (gValve)             {homekit="Valve.RemainingDuration"}

Group           gThermostat                "Thermostat"                                              {homekit="Thermostat"}
Number          thermostat_current_temp    "Thermostat Current Temp [%.1f C]"   (gThermostat)        {homekit="Thermostat.CurrentTemperature" [minValue=0, maxValue=40]}
Number          thermostat_target_temp     "Thermostat Target Temp[%.1f C]"     (gThermostat)        {homekit="Thermostat.TargetTemperature"  [minValue=10.5, maxValue=27]}  
String          thermostat_current_mode    "Thermostat Current Mode"            (gThermostat)        {homekit="Thermostat.CurrentHeatingCoolingMode"}          
String          thermostat_target_mode     "Thermostat Target Mode"             (gThermostat)        {homekit="Thermostat.TargetHeatingCoolingMode"}           

Group           gLeakSensor                "Leak Sensor Group"                                       {homekit="LeakSensor"}
Switch          leaksensor                 "Leak Sensor"                        (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="LeakDetectedState"}
String          leaksensor_name            "Leak Sensor Name"                   (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="Name"}
Switch          leaksensor_bat             "Leak Sensor Battery"                (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_active          "Leak Sensor Active"                 (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="ActiveStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_fault           "Leak Sensor Fault"                  (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="FaultStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_tampered        "Leak Sensor Tampered"               (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="TamperedStatus"}

Group           gMotionSensor              "Motion Sensor Group"                                     {homekit="MotionSensor"}
Switch          motionsensor               "Motion Sensor"                      (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionSensor.MotionDetectedState"}
Switch          motionsensor_bat           "Motion Sensor Battery"              (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionSensor.BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_active        "Motion Sensor Active"               (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionSensor.ActiveStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_fault         "Motion Sensor Fault"                (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionSensor.FaultStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_tampered      "Motion Sensor Tampered"             (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionSensor.TamperedStatus"}

Group           gOccupancySensor           "Occupancy Sensor Group"                                  {homekit="OccupancySensor"}
Switch          occupancysensor            "Occupancy Sensor"                   (gOccupancySensor)   {homekit="OccupancyDetectedState"}
Switch          occupancysensor_bat        "Occupancy Sensor Battery"           (gOccupancySensor)   {homekit="BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          occupancysensor_active     "Occupancy Sensor Active"            (gOccupancySensor)   {homekit="OccupancySensor.ActiveStatus"}
Switch          occupancysensor_fault      "Occupancy Sensor Fault"             (gOccupancySensor)   {homekit="OccupancySensor.FaultStatus"}
Switch          occupancysensor_tampered   "Occupancy Sensor Tampered"          (gOccupancySensor)   {homekit="OccupancySensor.TamperedStatus"}

Group           gContactSensor             "Contact Sensor Group"                                    {homekit="ContactSensor"}
Contact         contactsensor              "Contact Sensor"                     (gContactSensor)     {homekit="ContactSensor.ContactSensorState"}
Switch          contactsensor_bat          "Contact Sensor Battery"             (gContactSensor)     {homekit="ContactSensor.BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          contactsensor_active       "Contact Sensor Active"              (gContactSensor)     {homekit="ContactSensor.ActiveStatus"}
Switch          contactsensor_fault        "Contact Sensor Fault"               (gContactSensor)     {homekit="ContactSensor.FaultStatus"}
Switch          contactsensor_tampered     "Contact Sensor Tampered"            (gContactSensor)     {homekit="ContactSensor.TamperedStatus"}

Group           gAirQualitySensor    	    "Air Quality Sensor"      				                 {homekit="AirQualitySensor"}
String          airquality                  "Air Quality"						(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="AirQuality"}
Number          ozone                       "Ozone Density"						(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="OzoneDensity"}
Number          voc                         "VOC Density"						(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="VOCDensity"}
Number          nitrogen                    "Nitrogen Density"					(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="NitrogenDioxideDensity"}
Number          sulphur                     "Sulphur Density"					(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="SulphurDioxideDensity"}
Number          pm25                        "PM25 Density"						(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="PM25Density"}
Number          pm10                        "PM10 Density"						(gAirQualitySensor)  {homekit="PM10Density"}

Group           gSecuritySystem            "Security System Group"                                   {homekit="SecuritySystem"}
String          security_current_state     "Security Current State"             (gSecuritySystem)    {homekit="SecuritySystem.CurrentSecuritySystemState"}
String          security_target_state      "Security Target State"              (gSecuritySystem)    {homekit="SecuritySystem.TargetSecuritySystemState"}

Group  			gCooler    			        "Cooler Group"       				 	                {homekit="HeaterCooler"}
Switch          cooler_active 				"Cooler Active" 				    (gCooler) 		    {homekit="ActiveStatus"}
Number 			cooler_current_temp     	"Cooler Current Temp [%.1f C]"  	(gCooler)  	        {homekit="CurrentTemperature"}
String 			cooler_current_mode  	    "Cooler Current Mode" 		        (gCooler) 			{homekit="CurrentHeaterCoolerState" [HEATING="HEAT", COOLING="COOL"]}          
String 			cooler_target_mode  	    "Cooler Target Mode" 				(gCooler)           {homekit="TargetHeaterCoolerState"}  
Number 			cooler_cool_thrs 	        "Cooler Cool Threshold Temp [%.1f C]"  	(gCooler)  	    {homekit="CoolingThresholdTemperature" [minValue=10.5, maxValue=50]}
Number 			cooler_heat_thrs 	        "Cooler Heat Threshold Temp [%.1f C]"  	(gCooler)  	    {homekit="HeatingThresholdTemperature" [minValue=0.5, maxValue=20]}

# Accessory Configuration Details

# Dimmers

The way HomeKit handles dimmer devices can be different to the actual dimmers' way of working. HomeKit home app sends following commands/update:

  • On brightness change home app sends "ON" event along with target brightness, e.g. "Brightness = 50%" + "State = ON".
  • On "ON" event home app sends "ON" along with brightness 100%, i.e. "Brightness = 100%" + "State = ON"
  • On "OFF" event home app sends "OFF" without brightness information.

However, some dimmer devices for example do not expect brightness on "ON" event, some others do not expect "ON" upon brightness change. In order to support different devices HomeKit integration can filter some events. Which events should be filtered is defined via dimmerMode configuration.

Dimmer dimmer_light	"Dimmer Light" 	 {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Brightness" [dimmerMode="<mode>"]}

Following modes are supported:

  • "normal" - no filtering. The commands will be sent to device as received from HomeKit. This is default mode.
  • "filterOn" - ON events are filtered out. only OFF events and brightness information are sent
  • "filterBrightness100" - only Brightness=100% is filtered out. everything else sent unchanged. This allows custom logic for soft launch in devices.
  • "filterOnExceptBrightness100" - ON events are filtered out in all cases except of brightness = 100%.

Examples:

Dimmer dimmer_light_1	"Dimmer Light 1" 	 {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Brightness" [dimmerMode="filterOn"]}
Dimmer dimmer_light_2	"Dimmer Light 2" 	 {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Brightness" [dimmerMode="filterBrightness100"]}
Dimmer dimmer_light_3	"Dimmer Light 3" 	 {homekit="Lighting, Lighting.Brightness" [dimmerMode="filterOnExceptBrightness100"]}

# Windows Covering (Blinds) / Window / Door

HomeKit Windows Covering, Window and Door accessory types have following mandatory characteristics:

  • CurrentPosition (0-100% of current window covering position)
  • TargetPosition (0-100% of target position)
  • PositionState (DECREASING,INCREASING or STOPPED as state). If no state provided, HomeKit will send STOPPED

These characteristics can be mapped to a single openHAB rollershutter item. In such case currentPosition will always equal target position, means if you request to close a blind/window/door, HomeKit will immediately report that the blind/window/door is closed. As discussed above, one can use full or shorthand definition. Following two definitions are equal:

Rollershutter 	window 		            "Window"  	                {homekit = "Window"}
Rollershutter 	door		            "Door"  	                {homekit = "Door"}
Rollershutter   window_covering         "Window Rollershutter"      {homekit = "WindowCovering"}
Rollershutter 	window_covering_long 	"Window Rollershutter long" {homekit = "WindowCovering, WindowCovering.CurrentPosition, WindowCovering.TargetPosition, WindowCovering.PositionState"}

openHAB Rollershutter is defined by default as:

  • OPEN if position is 0%,
  • CLOSED if position is 100%.

In contrast, HomeKit window covering/door/window have inverted mapping

  • OPEN if position 100%
  • CLOSED if position is 0%

Therefore, HomeKit integration inverts by default the values between openHAB and HomeKit, e.g. if openHAB current position is 30% then it will send 70% to HomeKit app. In case you need to disable this logic you can do it with configuration parameter inverted="false", e.g.

Rollershutter window_covering "Window Rollershutter" {homekit = "WindowCovering"  [inverted="false"]}
Rollershutter window		   "Window"  	         {homekit = "Window" [inverted="false"]}
Rollershutter door		       "Door"  	         {homekit = "Door" [inverted="false"]}

Window covering can have a number of optional characteristics like horizontal & vertical tilt, obstruction status and hold position trigger. If your blind supports tilt, and you want to control tilt via HomeKit you need to define blind as a group. e.g.

Group           gBlind    			    "Blind with tilt"       						{homekit = "WindowCovering"}
Rollershutter   window_covering         "Blind"                         (gBlind)        {homekit = "WindowCovering"}
Dimmer          window_covering_htilt   "Blind horizontal tilt"         (gBlind)        {homekit = "WindowCovering.CurrentHorizontalTiltAngle, WindowCovering.TargetHorizontalTiltAngle"}
Dimmer          window_covering_vtilt   "Blind vertical tilt"           (gBlind)        {homekit = "WindowCovering.CurrentVerticalTiltAngle, WindowCovering.TargetVerticalTiltAngle"}

# Valve

The HomeKit valve accessory supports following 2 optional characteristics:

  • duration: this describes how long the valve should set "InUse" once it is activated. The duration changes will apply to the next operation. If valve is already active then duration changes have no effect.

  • remaining duration: this describes the remaining duration on the valve. Notifications on this characteristic must only be used if the remaining duration increases/decreases from the accessoryʼs usual countdown of remaining duration.

Upon valve activation in home app, home app starts to count down from the "duration" to "0" without contacting the server. Home app also does not trigger any action if it remaining duration get 0. It is up to valve to have an own timer and stop valve once the timer is over. Some valves have such timer, e.g. pretty common for sprinklers. In case the valve has no timer capability, openHAB can take care on this - start an internal timer and send "Off" command to the valve once the timer is over.

configuration for these two cases looks as follow:

  • valve with timer:
Group  			gValve    			"Valve Group"       						 	{homekit="Valve"  [homekitValveType="Irrigation"]}
Switch 			valve_active 		"Valve active"				    (gValve) 		{homekit = "Valve.ActiveStatus, Valve.InUseStatus"}
Number 			valve_duration 		"Valve duration" 				(gValve) 		{homekit = "Valve.Duration"}
Number 			valve_remaining_duration "Valve remaining duration" (gValve) 		{homekit = "Valve.RemainingDuration"}
  • valve without timer (no item for remaining duration required)
Group  			gValve    			"Valve Group"       						 	{homekit="Valve"  [homekitValveType="Irrigation", homekitTimer="true]}
Switch 			valve_active 		"Valve active"				    (gValve) 		{homekit = "Valve.ActiveStatus, Valve.InUseStatus"}
Number 			valve_duration 		"Valve duration" 				(gValve) 		{homekit = "Valve.Duration" [homekitDefaultDuration = 1800]}

# Sensors

Sensors have typically one mandatory characteristic, e.g. temperature or lead trigger, and several optional characteristics which are typically used for battery powered sensors and/or wireless sensors. Following table summarizes the optional characteristics supported by sensors.

Characteristics Supported openHAB items Description
Name String Name of the sensor. This characteristic is interesting only for very specific cases in which the name of accessory is dynamic. if you not sure then you don't need it.
ActiveStatus Switch, Contact Accessory current working status. "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory is active and is functioning without any errors.
FaultStatus Switch, Contact Accessory fault status. "ON"/"OPEN" value indicates that the accessory has experienced a fault that may be interfering with its intended functionality. A value of "OFF"/"CLOSED" indicates that there is no fault.
TamperedStatus Switch, Contact Accessory tampered status. "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the accessory has been tampered. Value should return to "OFF"/"CLOSED" when the accessory has been reset to a non-tampered state.
BatteryLowStatus Switch, Contact Accessory battery status. "ON"/"OPEN" indicates that the battery level of the accessory is low. Value should return to "OFF"/"CLOSED" when the battery charges to a level thats above the low threshold.

Examples of sensor definitions. Sensors without optional characteristics:

Switch  leaksensor_single    "Leak Sensor"                   {homekit="LeakSensor"}
Number  light_sensor 	     "Light Sensor"                  {homekit="LightSensor"}
Number  temperature_sensor 	 "Temperature Sensor [%.1f C]"   {homekit="TemperatureSensor"}
Contact contact_sensor       "Contact Sensor"                {homekit="ContactSensor"}
Switch  occupancy_sensor     "Occupancy Sensor"              {homekit="OccupancyDetectedState"}
Switch  motion_sensor        "Motion Sensor"                 {homekit="MotionSensor"}
Number  humidity_sensor 	 "Humidity Sensor"			     {homekit="HumiditySensor"}

Sensors with optional characteristics:

Group           gLeakSensor                "Leak Sensor"                                             {homekit="LeakSensor"}
Switch          leaksensor                 "Leak Sensor State"                  (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="LeakDetectedState"}
Switch          leaksensor_bat             "Leak Sensor Battery"                (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_active          "Leak Sensor Active"                 (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="ActiveStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_fault           "Leak Sensor Fault"                  (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="FaultStatus"}
Switch          leaksensor_tampered        "Leak Sensor Tampered"               (gLeakSensor)        {homekit="TamperedStatus"}

Group           gMotionSensor              "Motion Sensor"                                           {homekit="MotionSensor"}
Switch          motionsensor               "Motion Sensor State"                (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="MotionDetectedState"}
Switch          motionsensor_bat           "Motion Sensor Battery"              (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="BatteryLowStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_active        "Motion Sensor Active"               (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="ActiveStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_fault         "Motion Sensor Fault"                (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="FaultStatus"}
Switch          motionsensor_tampered      "Motion Sensor Tampered"             (gMotionSensor)      {homekit="TamperedStatus"}

# Common Problems

openHAB HomeKit hub shows up when I manually scan for devices, but Home app reports "can't connect to device"

If you see this error in the Home app, and don't see any log messages, it could be because your IP address in the networkInterface setting is misconfigured. The openHAB HomeKit hub is advertised via mDNS. If you register an IP address that isn't reachable from your phone (such as localhost, 0.0.0.0, 127.0.0.1, etc.), then Home will be unable to reach openHAB.

# Additional Notes

HomeKit allows only a single pairing to be established with the bridge. This pairing is normally shared across devices via iCloud. If you need to establish a new pairing, you will need to clear the existing pairings. To do this, you can issue the command smarthome:homekit clearPairings from the OSGi console. After doing this, you may need to remove the file $OPENHAB_USERDATA/jsondb/homekit.json and restart openHAB.

HomeKit requires a unique identifier for each accessory advertised by the bridge. This unique identifier is hashed from the Item's name. For that reason, it is important that the name of your Items exposed to HomeKit remain consistent.

HomeKit listens by default on port 9124. Java prefers the IPv6 network stack by default. If you have connection or detection problems, you can configure Java to prefer the IPv4 network stack instead. To prefer the IPv4 network stack, adapt the Java command line arguments to include: -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true Depending on the openHAB installation method, you should modify start.sh, start_debug.sh, start.bat, or start_debug.bat (standalone/manual installation) or EXTRA_JAVA_OPTS in /etc/default/openhab2 (Debian installation).

If you encounter any issues with the add-on and need support, it may be important to get detailed logs of your device's communication with openHAB. In order to get logs from the underlying library used to implement the HomeKit protocol, enable trace logging using the following commands at the console:

openhab> log:set TRACE io.github.hapjava
openhab> log:tail io.github.hapjava

# Console commands

smarthome:homekit list - list all HomeKit accessories currently advertised to the HomeKit clients.

smarthome:homekit show <accessory_id | name> - print additional details of the accessories which partially match provided ID or name.