# InfluxDB (0.9 and newer) Persistence
This service allows you to persist and query states using the InfluxDB (opens new window) and InfluxDB 2.0 (opens new window) time series database. The persisted values can be queried from within openHAB. There also are nice tools on the web for visualizing InfluxDB time series, such as Grafana (opens new window) and new Influx DB 2.0 version introduces powerful data processing features. (opens new window)
# Database Structure
This service allows you to persist and query states using the time series database.
The states of an item are persisted in measurements points with names equal to the name of the item, or the alias, if one is provided. In both variants, a tag named "item" is added, containing the item name. All values are stored in a field called "value" using the following types:
- float for DecimalType and QuantityType
- integer for
OpenClosedType(values are stored using 0 or 1) and
DateTimeType(milliseconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z)
- string for the rest of types
If configured, extra tags for item category, label or type can be added fore each point.
Some example entries for an item with the name "speedtest" without any further configuration would look like this:
> Query using Influx DB 2.0 syntax for 1.0 is different > from(bucket: "default") |> range(start: -30d) |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "speedtest") name: speedtest _time _item _value ----- ----- ------ 1558302027124000000 speedtest 123289369.0 1558332852716000000 speedtest 80423789.0
First of all you have to setup and run an InfluxDB 1.X or 2.X server. This is very easy and you will find good documentation on it on the InfluxDB web site for 2.X version (opens new window) and InfluxDB web site for 1.X version (opens new window).
This service can be configured in the file
|version||V1||No||InfluxDB database version V1 for 1.X and V2 for 2.x|
|url||http://127.0.0.1:8086 (opens new window)||No||database URL|
|user||openhab||No||name of the database user, e.g. |
|password||No(*)||password of the database user you choose|
|token||No(*)||token to authenticate the database (only for V2) Intructions about how to create one (opens new window)|
|db||openhab||No||name of the database for V1 and name of the organization for V2|
|retentionPolicy||autogen||No||name of the retention policy for V1 and name of the bucket for V2|
(*) For 1.X version you must provide user and password, for 2.X you can use user and password or a token. That means that if you use all default values at minimum you must provide a password or a token.
All item- and event-related configuration is defined in the file