# InfluxDB (0.9 and newer) Persistence

This service allows you to persist and query states using the InfluxDB (opens new window) and InfluxDB 2.0 (opens new window) time series database. The persisted values can be queried from within openHAB. There also are nice tools on the web for visualizing InfluxDB time series, such as Grafana (opens new window) and new Influx DB 2.0 version introduces powerful data processing features. (opens new window)

# Database Structure

  • This service allows you to persist and query states using the time series database.
  • The states of an item are persisted in measurements points with names equal to the name of the item, its alias, or from some metadata depending on the configuration. In all variants, a tag named "item" is added, containing the item name. All values are stored in a field called "value" using the following types:
    • float for DecimalType and QuantityType
    • integer for OnOffType and OpenClosedType (values are stored using 0 or 1) and DateTimeType (milliseconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z)
    • string for the rest of types
  • If configured, extra tags for item category, label or type can be added fore each point.

Some example entries for an item with the name "speedtest" without any further configuration would look like this:

> Query using Influx DB 2.0 syntax for 1.0 is different
> from(bucket: "default")
    |> range(start: -30d)
    |> filter(fn: (r) => r._measurement == "speedtest")
name: speedtest

_time               _item     _value
-----               -----     ------
1558302027124000000 speedtest 123289369.0
1558332852716000000 speedtest 80423789.0

# Prerequisites

First of all, you have to setup and run an InfluxDB 1.X or 2.X server. This is very easy and you will find good documentation on it on the InfluxDB web site for 2.X version (opens new window) and InfluxDB web site for 1.X version (opens new window).

# Configuration

This service can be configured in the file services/influxdb.cfg.

Property Default Required Description
version V1 No InfluxDB database version V1 for 1.X and V2 for 2.x
url http://127.0.0.1:8086 (opens new window) No database URL
user openhab No name of the database user, e.g. openhab
password No(*) password of the database user you choose
token No(*) token to authenticate the database (only for V2) Intructions about how to create one (opens new window)
db openhab No name of the database for V1 and name of the organization for V2
retentionPolicy autogen No name of the retention policy for V1 and name of the bucket for V2

(*) For 1.X version you must provide user and password, for 2.X you can use user and password or a token. That means that if you use all default values at minimum you must provide a password or a token.

All item- and event-related configuration is defined in the file persistence/influxdb.persist.

# Additional configuration for customized storage options in InfluxDB

By default, the plugin writes the data to a measurement name equals to the item's name and adds a tag with key item and value item's name as well. You can customize that behavior and use a single measurement for several items using item metadata.

# Measurement name by Item Metadata

By setting the influxdb metadata key you can change the name of the measurement by setting the desired name as metadata value. You can also add additional tags for structuring your data. For example, you can add a floor tag to all sensors to filter all sensors from the first floor or combine all temperature sensors into one measurement.

The item configuration will look like this:

Group:Number:AVG gTempSensors

Number:Temperature tempLivingRoom (gTempSensors) { influxdb="temperature" [floor="groundfloor"] }
Number:Temperature tempKitchen (gTempSensors) { influxdb="temperature" [floor="groundfloor"] }


Number:Temperature tempBedRoom (gTempSensors) { influxdb="temperature" [floor="firstfloor"] }
Number:Temperature tempBath (gTempSensors) { influxdb="temperature" [floor="firstfloor"] }

You can also set the influxdb metadata using the UI. From each item configuration screen do:

MetadataAdd MetadataEnter Custom Namespace → Enter influxdb as namespace name → And enter your desired item name in value field. i.e.:

value: temperature
config: {}

This will end up with one measurement named temperature and four different series inside:

temperature,item=tempLivingRoom,floor=groundfloor
temperature,item=tempKitchen,floor=groundfloor
temperature,item=tempBedRoom,floor=firstfloor
temperature,item=tempBath,floor=firstfloor

You can now easily select all temperatures of the firstfloor or the average temperature of the groundfloor.

# Extended automatic tagging

Besides the metadata tags, there are additional configuration parameters to activate different automatic tags generation.

Property Default Required Description
addCategoryTag false no Should the category of the item be included as tag "category"? If no category is set, "n/a" is used.
addTypeTag false no Should the item type be included as tag "type"?
addLabelTag false no Should the item label be included as tag "label"? If no label is set, "n/a" is used.